Trade justice

Trade justice is a campaign by non-governmental organizations , more efforts by other actors, to change the rules and practices of world trade in order to promote fairness. These organizations include consumer groups, trade unions, faith groups, aid agencies and environmental groups.

The organizations campaigning for trade justice posit this concept in opposition to free trade , the advocates of which also claim pro-poor outcomes. Trade justice advocates argue that it does not exist and that it will not exist, and that it should be in the interest of the public interest, rather than the interests of individual interests. Advocates of trade justice argue that growing inequality and serious gaps in social justice , and the global export of terrorism , are symptoms of an economic system that permits them to be exported to other countries, while importing their goods. They point to extinction , deforestation, social unrest , as consequences of globalization , and in particular of an “unfair” globalization. In the past, the responses of the international trade system included various penalties on “unfair” goods. This argument is made of a small headway against the long-term movement towards free trade ; imposition of penalties for ” dumping ” in the United States of America ( 2001).

Today, the trade justice movement concentrates more on the abolition of agricultural subsidies and dumping, and to a much lesser extent on offsetting penalties on “unfair” goods. Indeed, ALTHOUGH there are Many Who are still critical of free trade in general, there is a trend Towards campaigning contre what is seen as hypocrisy by Developed Countries in using protectionismAgainst the Poorest countries, Especially in agricultural products, while Requiring Them to leave Their own producers without protection.

Trade justice movement

The Trade Justice Movement in the UK Was the first formal coalition of groups to use the term “trade justice” (Partly Because in the UK, ” fair trade ” usually Refers to Fairtrade certification and is a consumer model of change Rather than an overtly political movement calling for government action). The term trade justice has been widely adopted internationally, for example by the over 100 national platforms of the Global Call for Action Against Poverty . In many countries ” fair trade ” is used instead of “trade justice”.

The global institutions are most often targeted by the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB). Campaigners also lobby for their own governments with the intention of creating a better international reputation. In trading blocks such as the European Union (EU), the campaigns seek to influence policy across member states governments.

“Trade Justice” and “Fair Trade” were originally used for social justice and the alleviation of severe poverty in many developing nations. They contrasted “fair trade” with “unfair” international trade practices. It is associated particularly with labor unions and environmentalists , in their criticism of disparities between the protections for capital versus those for labor and the environment. The use of the term has been expanded to include the current state of the art, and the major institutions such as the World Trade Organization which embodies them.not to participate in these practices. Fairtrade labeling or “Fairtrade certification” Allows Consumers to Identify goods Especially Such As commodities coffee , That Agreed meet some standard of fairness.

Issues

Academics Such As Thomas Alured Faunce argues que la insertion of a constructive ambiguity Such As valuing innovation in bilateral trade agreements (And Then selon normative and Ongoing lobbying power to Such textual Negotiating truces by Formally linking Them with non-violation nullification of benefits provisions) May undermine democratic sovereignty with regard to construction of domestic policy, particularly in areas such as the environment and public health. [1] [2] This view is strenuously challenged by the law and many domestic policy makers. [quote needed ]

“The majority of these countries are likely to be affected by trade disputes when they enter the markets of developing countries. Poverty claims that these barriers cost $ 100 billion a year – [3]

Most trade justice campaigners focus in some way on the agricultural subsidies of rich countries that make it difficult to farmers in poor countries to compete. For example, they argue that the European Union’s agricultural export subsidy encourages sugar production or “dumped” in poor countries. Local farmers can not sell their goods as cheaply and go out of business. [4]

The campaign points to the treatment of agriculture at the WTO, which has institutionalized these injustices. In the few instances where excessive production has been excessive, developed countries ignore these rulings, which the WTO itself does not enforce. Recently, they have not yet been introduced, but they often demand more access to countries. quote needed ]

The term “trade justice” emphasizes Even If That Were level the playing field, INSTEAD of tilted contre Developing Countries, the Poorest Developing Countries In Particular Would still struggle to gain from trade if forced to trade under free trade terms. This is because of their overwhelming lack of competitiveness – rather, they are more likely to be in the marketplace than they are. citation needed ] [5] [6]

See also

  • Corporate development
  • Dumping (pricing policy)
  • Economic development
  • Fair trade
  • International development
  • Social development
  • Sociocultural evolution
  • Trade and development
  • WTO

References

  1. Jump up^ Faunce, Thomas Alured (2007), “Australia Australia’s pharmaceutical benefits scheme”, Med J Aust , 187 : 240-2.
  2. Jump up^ Faunce, TA; Neville, W; Anton, Wasson A, “Non Violation Nullification of Benefit Claims: Opportunities and Dilemmas in a Rule-Based WTO Dispute Settlement System”, in Bray, M, Ten Years of WTO Dispute Settlement: Australian Perspectives , Commonwealth of Australia: Office of Trade Negotiations of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, pp. 123-40.
  3. Jump up^ “Trade footprint” . HEC Global Learning Center . Retrieved 15 February 2017 .
  4. Jump up^ Godfrey, Claire (2002). “Stop the Dumping!” How EU Agricultural Subsidies Are Damaging Livelihoods in the Developing World . Institute for Agriculture & Trade Policy. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017 . Retrieved 16 February2017 .
  5. Jump up^ “Justice and International Trade – School of Economic Science” . School of Economic Science . Retrieved 2017-02-28 .
  6. Jump up^ Ghosh, Jayati (2013-11-27). “Why farming subsidies still distorts advantages and causes food insecurity” . The Guardian . ISSN  0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-02-20 .

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