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Street Farm

Street Farm was a London-based collective active in the early 1970s, with its origins in the Architectural Association (AA). Its core members were AA students Peter Crump, Bruce Haggart and Graham Caine. [1]

Street Farm was discontinued in around 1976, while Graham Caine and Peter Crump continued to work on the Bristol area in later years. The group’s ideas and projects Proved influential as renewable energy and concern for sustainability in architecture est devenu more mainstream in subsequent decades, with leading green architects, Including Paul F. Downton and Howard Liddell , Citing early encounters with the Street Farmers have major inspirations for Their careers .

Street Farmer

In 1971-1972 the group produced a Situationist- inspired magazine called Street Farmer , which combined witty graphics with ideas about what they termed ‘transmogrification’ of the urban environment. Attacking the complicity of architects in the state and capitalist control of cities, Street Farm advocated communities self-organized on anarchist principles, Murray Bookchin .

In addition to the alternative-press Street Farmer publication , they pursued other agit-prop media projects, touring throughout England and Wales to present multimedia shows at schools of architecture and beyond, and participating in events in the Netherlands and Italy. Street Farm’s ideas are also promoted by appearances on two BBC television programs. The first was aired as part of the Open Door documentary produced by the BBC’s Community Program Unit (broadcast 18 June 1973). Melvyn Bragg presented the second documentary, Clearings in the Concrete Jungle , as part of the 2nd House series (broadcast 24 January 1976). [2]

The First Ecological House

In 1972 Street Farm applied their political aspirations and visions to the practical project of Street Farmhouse, in Eltham , London, the first intentionally constructed ecological house. Reviews This was designed and constructed by Graham Caine with the help of Bruce Haggart and other friends in 1972. The ecological house objective Was to create an’s autonomous home That exploited reused materials and alternative technology , harnessing Microgenerationand sewage recycling in order to liberate the occupants from dependence upon services provided by the state or private suppliers. Following the front page feature in The Observerby Gerald Leach the subject of considerable attention, with regard to ecological sustainability and energy security. [3] Lord Holford commended Caine’s efforts in a House of Lords during a Protection of the Environment Bill in 1973. [4] Despite such attention, however, Street Farmhouse, was relatively short-lived. Graham Caine and his partner and daughter were rejected, leading to the dismantlement of their home in 1975. [5]

See also

  • Stadthaus
  • Ecological Building


  1. Jump up^ Stephen E. Hunt,The Revolutionary Urbanism of Street Farm: Eco-anarchism, Architecture and Alternative Technology in the 1970s(Bristol: Tangent, 2014).
  2. Jump up^ Lydia Kallipoliti, ‘Review: Clearings in a Concrete Jungle’,Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 70.2 (June 2011), 240-244.
  3. Jump up^ Gerald Leach, ‘Living off the Sun in South London,’The Observer(27 August 1972), 1-2.
  4. Jump up^ Hansard HL Deb November 27, 1973, vol 347, passes 51-52.
  5. Jump up^ Lydia Kallipoliti, ‘From Shit to Food: Graham Caine’s Eco-House in South London, 1972-1975’,Buildings and Landscapes, 19.1 (Spring 2012), 87-106.

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