The Second Malón de la Paz was a protest march of the aboriginals of northwestern Argentina , demanding the restitution of their ancient lands. It started on 7 August 2006 in the province of Jujuy .
Malón is a word derived from Mapudungun and refers to a surprise incursion, as it is done by the native tribes attacking the Creole settlements in the past. Therefore the expression means “Peace Incursion”. The first Malón de la Pazwas a 2,000 km march from Jujuy to Buenos Aires in 1946, to present land and human rights claims to President Juan Perón .
The second Malón de la Paz was triggered by the long delay and refusal of the provincial government of Jujuy to comply with a court order granting 15,000 km² of land. An assembly of members of different communities Gathered in Abra Pampa , 200 km north of San Salvador de Jujuy (le même Place Where, 60 years before, the first Malón started). Following the resolutions of the assembly, a number of delegates from the communities of Quebrada from Humahuaca to Purmamarca (60 km north of the provincial capital).
National Roads 16 and 9 , and asked by Eduardo Fellner . The blockade is slated to last indefinitely.
The first Malón de Paz was received by the national government. Although the marchers got the attention and support of President Perón, they were soon expelled from empty-handed Buenos Aires. Only three years later, in 1949, the national government expropriated some lands to be granted to the indigenous communities, but the cession was never performed.
The 1994 reform of the Argentine Constitution recognized the rights of the “originary peoples” to their own ancient lands. According to the delegates of the communities, in 1996 the national government commissioned the funds to be awarded to the provinces and territories.
On May 2, 2003, justice ordered that the papers had to be delivered within 15 months. The provincial government appealed the decision. The originary communities were sent by President Néstor Kirchner . The drastic measure of blocking national roads was called by the press “an ultimatum” to the provincial authorities.
- (in Spanish) Página / 12. 9 August 2006. A doble horn of rutas in Jujuy por el reclamo indígena de tierras .