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Red-Green Alliance (Denmark)

The Red-Green Alliance ( Danish : Enhedslisten – From Rød-Grønne , literally Unity List – The Red-Greens, [11] abbreviated Enhl ., Ø ) is a socialist [1] and green political party in Denmark . It is the most left-wing party in the Danish Parliament , advocating for socialist democracy in Denmark and internationally.

 

History

The Red-Green Alliance was formed in 1989. [12] The party’s objective is fundamental changes in the field of production to the domination of the social-economic property, based on the principles of democratic socialism , solidarity , and ecology .

It is the only party in the Folketing that has a collective leadership. quote needed ]

Political and ideological position

The party describes itself as a socialist and democratic grassroots party, which claims also to represent the peace movement , anti-discrimination movement, and trade union movement .

The party’s ideological position is set out in a manifesto from 2003. [13] It defines socialism as a form of society in the long run, lead to classlessness. The methods advocated may be different, depending on the race of class struggle, but will eventually require a revolution. Through this revolution, ownership of private property of the means of production should be transferred to the working class , while still guaranteeing democratic rights.

“The abolition of private ownership of the means clustering of Production is significant year prerequisite for socialism, aim it is far from Sufficient. This is shown Especially in the experience of the Alleged socialist societies WHERE a small, privileged minority exerted a dictatorship at the expense of the majority of the population. ” [13]

The party often adopts particular views in relation to the other parts in the Folketing and opt out of many of the settlements reached, seen as an expression of class collaboration. The conditions for the party’s long-term goal are presented, however, the party will be used to vote for any improvement of the working-class people’s lives. In line with this, Helle Thorning-Schmidt became Prime Minister after the 2011 election, the party would vote for a “red” budget that did not contain obvious flaws.

Policies

Social policy

The party places great emphasis on social inequality and poverty , and is in favor of expanding and expanding the welfare state . The party is here in society for all forms of diversity, including gender, sexuality, disability and ethnic background. [14] It also advocates for a broader public sector, among other things, to improve the quality of life for public sector employees. [15]

The party believes that they should be free to choose from, and that they are interested in tuition fees . [16] The party does not see unemployment as being equal to laziness and seeks to abolish the Danish equivalent of workfare . [17]

Economic policy

The party is decisively anti-capitalist and has a negative impact on the ability to transfer pricing .

According to the party, the global economic crisis should be resolved through the strict control of loans, the introduction of a Tobin tax , and the nationalization of the banks and mortgage companies. It says the public sector should be expanded, the wages of the lowest-paid workers should be raised, and the insurance-based unemployment benefit period should be extended to a minimum of four years. At the same time, students should be given a greater state education grant. [18] At minimum, all benefits should be raised to 13,500 kroner per month before taxes. [17]

Foreign policy

The party advocates for foreign policy based on respect for human rights , which it believes has not been appropriately prioritized in the past. It also proposes greater support for developing countries through a foreign aid , [19] and campaigns for Denmark’s withdrawal from NATO and the European Union .

The party operates on the fundamental belief that peace is preferable to war, and has been opposed from the beginning to Denmark’s participation in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, that was challenged in 2011, when the party’s parliamentary group voted in favor of Danish participation in the UN-sanctioned military action in Libya on the basis that it was a humanitarian action. [20] However, the decision to backlash was significant, and the party was pulled back after the military intervention. [21]

History

The party Was FORMED in 1989 as an electoral alliance of three left-wing parts: Left Socialists (VS), Communist Party of Denmark (DKP), and the Socialist Workers Party (SAP). Originally the Plan Was to unite thesis parts Alongside The Greens (De Grønne) Common Course , Humanist and to form a broad-based progressive movement, this goal Did not materialize. [22] A fourth party, the Communist Workers Party (KAP), succeeded in joining the alliance in 1991, but it was vetoed by DKP.

Prior to the 2007 parliamentary election , the party enlisted Asmaa Abdol-Hamid , a Danish Muslim candidate who is a feminist, democrat, and socialist. [23] She is endorsed by some imams, opposed by others (including those in Hizb-ut-Tahrir ), wears an Islamic headscarf and will not shake hands with men. [24] These facts, and some of her statements about politics and religion, especially from the Danish People’s Party . Some left-wing figures cited her candidacy as a reason for withdrawing their support from the party. [25]An anti-religious network was created within the party with the stated goal of turning the party into a single atheist party with a materialist – Marxist basis. [26]

During the campaign, there was some speculation as to whether it would be successful or not. [27] [28] The results of the election were 2.2% for the party, down from 3.4% in the 2005 parliamentary elections . Although not elected, Abdol-Hamid maintained that she had attracted voters to the party. The four seats won by Frank Aaen , Johanne Schmidt-Nielsen , Line Barfod , and Per Clausen.

In the 2011 parliamentary election , the party receives 6.7% of the vote and tripled its representation from 4 seats to 12 seats.

The party contested the 2013 local elections on a platform of improving public transport and making greater public investment. [29]

As a carrier for Socialdemokraterne , Enhedslisten accepted the state budget twice and Was in opposition twice in the period from 2011- 2015. At no point HOWEVER, Did They live postponement opposition to the government. In the 2015 general election , the party received 7.8% of the vote and their representation from 12 seats to 14 seats.

Electoral performance

Parliament ( Folketinget )

Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
Danish vote
# of
overall seats won
# of
Danish seats won
+/- Government
1990 54.038 1.7

0/179

0/175

1994 104.701 3.1

6/179

6/175

 6 in opposition
1998 91.933 2.7

5/179

5/175

 1 providing parliamentary support
2001 82.685 2.4

4/179

4/175

 1 in opposition
2005 114.123 3.4

6/179

6/175

 2 in opposition
2007 74.982 2.2

4/179

4/175

 2 in opposition
2011 236.860 6.7

12/179

12/175

 8 providing parliamentary support
2015 274.463 7.8

14/179

14/175

 2 in opposition

The distribution of Red-Green Alliance’s voters is geographically disparate. While in Nørrebro and Vesterbro districts of Copenhagen, it was the strongest party in the 2015 election, scoring 26.5 and 20.8% respectively (in Bispebjergit received 22%, placing it only slightly behind the Social Democrats), the party is much weaker in rural parts of Denmark with an average of 4.5% of votes in Western Jutland with 3.1% in the Ringkøbing district.

European Parliament

As of 2016, the Red-Green Alliance has never directly contested elections to the European Parliament , preferring to support the People’s Movement against the EU , at Eurosceptic party which MEP sits in the European United Left-Nordic Green Left group. Some of the party’s MPs have been running an independent list for the 2014 elections . [30] However, this idea was dismissed by a majority on the party’s annual meeting. [31]

In a historic decision, a majority on the party’s annual meeting in May 2016 decided to directly contest the following European Parliament election . [32]

Membership

1992 1,082 ….
1993 999 -7.7%
1994 1,093 + 9.4%
1995 1,189 + 8.8%
1996 1,282 + 7.8%
1997 1,479 + 15.4%
1998 2,023 + 36.8%
1999 1,968 -2.7%
2000 1,945 -1.1%
2001 1,992 + 2.4%
2002 2,366 + 18.8%
2003 2,321 -1.9%
2004 2,524 + 8.7%
2005 3,739 + 48.1%
2006 4,127 + 10.4%
2007 4,099 -0.7%
2008 4,336 + 5.8%
2009 4,373 + 0.9%
2010 5,111 + 16.9%
2011 7,885 + 54.3%
2012 9.385 + 21.7%
2013 9.483 + 1.0%

See also

  • Politics of Denmark
  • Johanne Schmidt-Nielsen

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:d Wolfram Nordsieck. “Parties and Elections in Europe” . Retrieved 12 June 2017 .
  2. Jump up^ Åsa Bengtsson; Kasper Hansen; Ólafur Þ Harõarson; Hanne Marthe Narud; Henrik Oscarsson (November 15, 2013). The Nordic Vote: Myths of Exceptionalism . ECPR Press. p. 204. ISBN  978-1-907301-50-6 .
  3. Jump up^ https://www.opendemocracy.net/can-europe-make-it/anita-nissen/uk-and-denmark-growing-public-euroscepticism
  4. Jump up^ “EU-politik” . enhedslisten.dk (in Danish) . Retrieved 7 March 2015 .
  5. Jump up^ March, Luke (2008). Contemporary Far Left Parties in Europe (PDF) . Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. p. 3. ISBN  978-3-86872-000-6 .
  6. Jump up^ Edwards, Geoffrey; Georg Wiessala (2000). The European Union: annual review 1998/1999 . Wiley-Blackwell. p. 184. ISBN  978-0-631-21598-1 .
  7. Jump up^ Banks, Arthur S .; Thomas C. Muller (1995). Political Handbook of the World 1994-95 . CSA Publications. p. 234. ISBN  978-0-933199-10-1 .
  8. Jump up^ Government and Opposition, Volume 34 . Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 1999. p. 73.
  9. Jump up^ “AKVA3: Valg til regions råd efter område, party og stemmer / kandidater / køn” . Statistics Denmark . Retrieved 13 June 2010 .
  10. Jump up^ “VALGK3: Valg til kommunale råd efter område, party og stemmer / kandidater / køn” . Statistics Denmark . Retrieved 13 June 2010 .
  11. Jump up^ Gemma Loomes (17 June 2013). Party Strategies in Western Europe: Party Competition and Electoral Outcomes . Routledge. pp. 201-. ISBN  978-1-136-59303-1 . Retrieved 31 July 2013 .
  12. Jump up^ Western Europe 2003 . Psychology Press. November 30, 2002. p. 132.ISBN  978-1-85743-152-0 . Retrieved 8 May 2016 .
  13. ^ Jump up to:b “Enhedslistens principprogram” . Enhedslisten . Retrieved 25 February 2015 .
  14. Jump up^ “Plads til alle” . Enhedslisten . Retrieved 25 February 2015 .
  15. Jump up^ “Flere hænder, mother i løn” . Enhedslisten . Retrieved 25 February2015 .
  16. Jump up^ “Børn og uddannelse” . Enhedslisten . Retrieved 25 February 2015 .
  17. ^ Jump up to:b “Ulighed og fattigdom” . Enhedslisten . Retrieved 25 February 2015 .
  18. Jump up^ Velfærd til alle
  19. Jump up^ Enhedslisten på Folketingets hjemmeside
  20. Jump up^ “Enhedslisten stemmer for humanitær aktion i Libyan” . Enhedslisten . Retrieved 25 February 2015 .
  21. Jump up^ Routine Oliver Skov og Turi Kjestine Meyhoff. “Enhedslisten trækker støtten til Libyen-krigen” . Retrieved 25 February 2015 .
  22. Jump up^ “Enhedslistens historie” . Enhedslisten . Retrieved 25 February 2015 .
  23. Jump up^ “Feminist, socialist, devout Muslim: woman who has thrown Denmark into turmoil” . The Guardian . May 16, 2007 . Retrieved 20 November 2013 .
  24. Jump up^ Imamer anbefaler Asmaa, Kristeligt Dagblad, 1 May 2007
  25. Jump up^ Kære Asmaa, Information, 1 September 2007
  26. Jump up^ Religionskrig hos Enhedslisten, aalborg.dk, 20 September 2007
  27. Jump up^ Asmaa kan sprænge Enh’s partilist i København, Politiken, 2 November 2007
  28. Jump up^ Ekspert: Asmaa har skræmt Marxisterne, Politiken, 1 November 2007
  29. Jump up^ “Party profile: Enhedslisten” . 9 November 2013 . Retrieved 20 November 2013 .
  30. Jump up^ “Red-Green Alliance puts pressure on People’s Movement Against the EU” (in Danish). Ekstra Bladet . March 27, 2013 . Retrieved 21 May 2016 .
  31. Jump up^ “Red-Green Alliance scraps EU election run” (in Danish). Berlingske . April 27, 2013 . Retrieved 21 May 2016 .
  32. Jump up^ “Red-Green Alliance will run independently in the next European Parliament election” (in Danish). Danmarks Radio . May 15, 2016 . Retrieved 21 May 2016 .

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