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Reclaim the Streets

Reclaim the Streets ( RTS ) is a collective with a shared ideal of community ownership of public spaces . Participants Characterize the collective as a resistance movement Opposed to the dominance of corporate strength in globalization , and to the car as the dominant form of transportation .

Protests

Main article: Street reclamation

Reclaim the Streets often non-violent stage direct action street reclaiming events such as the ‘invasion’ of a major road , highway or freeway to stage a party. While this May obstruct the regular users of These spaces Such As fordrivers and public bus riders, the philosophy of RTS Is That it is vehicle traffic, not pedestrians, Who are Causing the obstruction, and That by Occupying the road They are in fact opening up public space. The events are usually spectacular and colorful, but they are known to degenerate into riots and violence. [1] A Temporary Autonomous Zonesometimes results. The style of the parts in many places has-been Influenced by the rave szene in the UK , with sound systems playing dance music.

Reclaim the Streets is also used for this type of political action, regardless of its actual relationship to the RTS movement.

History

The earliest written source for the phenomenon “reclaim the streets” can be found in Marshall Berman’s (1981) All That Is Solid Melts Into Air. In a chapter entitled “Modernity in the Streets” Berman writes:

At the ragged edge of Baudelaire’s imagination we glimpsed another potential modernism: Revolutionary protest that transforms a multitude of urban solitudes into a people, and reclaims the city streets for human life .. Thesis, a thesis asserted by urban people starting in 1789, all through the nineteenth century, and in the great revolutionary Uprisings at the end of World War One: . the streets belong to the People Antithesis, and here is Le Corbusier ‘s great contribution. No streets, no People ” (pp. 166-167, emphasis added)

Streets have many times been occupied with the purpose of using them for other things than traffic. For example, a group of environmentalists occupied the streets of central Stockholm in autumn 1969. [2] And in 1990-91 the same group arranged a tradition of 20 minutes “culture crashes” in busy street crossings. [3] Like other occupations against car traffic before 1991, these events were not called Reclaim The Streets.

United Kingdom

Reclaim The Streets was originally formed by Earth First! citation needed ] in Brixton citation needed ] , London , Autumn 1991 [4] and was born out of anti-road protests at places such as Claremont Road and Twyford Down . The idea of ​​street reclaiming spread throughout the United Kingdom. The first actions can be seen as anti-car and pro-alternative transportation, but the focus is on changing the focus, namely that it is more of a reality. the capitalist system. [5]“Our streets are full of capitalism and the pollution of capitalism is much more insidious.” [6] Nevertheless, the actions always follow the principle of non-violent direct action .

Selected UK shares

  • Camden High Street , May 14, 1995.The first major RTS street party action took over a busy London street and closed it to motor-traffic for an afternoon.The action puts in the morning and left the Rainbow Center squatted Church in Kentish Town
  • Upper Street , Islington , July 23, 1995. One thousand people party at another busy traffic junction. There is a sound system and kids play in a hastily constructed sandpit.
  • Birmingham , 6 August 1995 [7] Organized with a handful of people around the world. To prevent the police using riot tactics to clear the street at the end, a procession with music and dancing.
  • Brighton , February 14, 1996. Protest publicized in part by Justice? & SchNEWS closed at the North Wool Area of ​​Brighton. A bouncy castle is erected in a crossing and traffic is stopped for most of the afternoon.
  • M41 Motorway , Shepherd’s Bush , London. July 13, 1996. After a cat-and-mouse game with the police, 6,000 protestors take over part of the elevated motorway. Many sound-systems play. Hidden underneath dancers walking on stilts and wearing huge, wire-supported dresses, environmental activists drill holes in the tarmac and plant trees. [8]
  • Pershore Road, Birmingham, August 17, 1996 [9]
  • Mill Road, Cambridge , Saturday 14 September 1996 [10]
  • Reclaim the Future, Liverpool , Saturday 28 September 1996 [11]
  • Trafalgar Square , April 12, 1997. The ‘Never Mind The Ballots’ protest against the forthcoming general election . A sacked Liverpool dockers started at Kennington Park and ended up at Trafalgar Square in the center of London. [12]
  • Brixton Road, Brixton and High Road, Seven Sisters , June 6, 1998. Two street reclamations in one day, with an estimated 5,000 people at each party.
  • Grassmarket, Edinburgh , 11 August 1997 [13]
  • Bank Underground Station , London, 13 July 1998. In order to show the support for London Underground workers striking resisting privatization, activists shut down the Central line by climbing on a train in the morning rush-hour and unfurled a larger banner at the entrance station.
  • Toxic Planet at 173 Upper Street, London (opposite Islington Town Hall), 4-11 October 1998.
  • Tube party, May 1, 1999.
  • Carnival Against Capitalism : June 18, 1999. A global day of action. In London the financial district is targeted. The LIFFE building is stormed.
  • Seattle Solidarity Action, Euston Station , London. November 30, 1999. The World Trade Organization was meeting in Seattle and met with concerted protest . In London, after a peaceful rally a police van is overturned and set on fire.
  • No Blood For Oil. February 3, 2000. A solidarity action in support of the U’wa people of Colombia .
  • Guerilla Gardening . May 1, 2000. An expressly non-violent gardening action at Parliament Square .
  • Action to mark the introduction of the Terrorism Act . February 19, 2001.
  • Bye Bye Planet. April 19, 2001. An action at the Natural History Museum Protests at the perceived greenwash and corporate rebranding of BP by subverting an exhibition about climate change that was sponsored by BP.
  • Business Class Tube launched. June 5, 2001. 50 trains receive stickers announcing a new Cattle Class.
  • Free shop at a May Day event. May 1, 2002
  • Reclaim the Future. September 11-22, 2002.
  • Street party against arms trade . September 10, 2003.

Global

The idea of ​​a Reclaim The Streets action was quickly taken as a form of protest around the world. These ” street parties ” have been held in Europe , Australia , North America and Africa . Initial instances confounded autorités and drivers alike, but over the years the protests Have Become institutionalised in many places, Occurring much like other forms of legal protest le fait que le event is Arranged with autorités beforehand, but not in all places like for example in Finland , where the first Street Party outside the UK was arranged on 17 May 1997.

Selected Global actions

  • February 1998 Sydney .
  • April 1998 Amsterdam .
  • April 1998 Bielefeld , Germany .
  • May 1998 Global Street Party !; Arcata, California ; Berkeley, California ; Athens , Greece; Birmingham and York , England; Bogota , Colombia; Brisbane , Melbourne and Darwin , Australia; Dresden and Berlin , Germany; Geneva, Switzerland; Ljubljana , Slovenia; Lyon , France; Prague , Czech Republic; Stockholm , Sweden; Tallinn , Estonia; Tel Aviv , Israel; Toronto, Canada; Turku , Finland; Utrecht , Netherlands; Valencia , Spain; Vancouver , Canada.
  • July 1998 Helsinki .
  • August 1998 Jyväskylä.
  • September 1998 Berlin .
  • October 1998 Broadway , New York City .
  • April 1999 New York City : A. Reclaim the Streets and Turn them into Gardens.
  • April 1999 Berlin.
  • May 1999 Turku, Finland; late May 1999 Brussels , Belgium
  • June 1999 Global carnival against capital; London ; Scotland ; Nigeria ; Czech Republic ; Los Angeles ; Germany ; Australia ; Barcelona in June 18; New York City .
  • July 1999 Tampere , Finland.
  • July 1999 Helsinki.
  • September 1999 Berlin.
  • September 1999 Stockholm.
  • All over the place: N30; Seattle , WA / USA: N30 and today’s Seattle Indymedia; London (and commentary; Geneva , Switzerland on November 16 and November 27, New Delhi , Manila , Philippines November 24, Athens , New York City on November 26, Padua, Italy November 27, Milan , Italy November 27, almost the whole of France; Brisbane , Australia; Cardiff & Bangor , Wales; Halifax, England; Leeds , England; Manchester, England; Totnes, England; Limerick, Ireland; Iceland; Narmada, India; Bangalore, India; Schiphol / Amsterdam, Netherlands; Berlin, Germany; Rome, Italy; Long Beach, CA / USA; Baltimore, MD / USA; Tel Aviv, Israel; Nashville, TN / USA; Washington DC / USA.
  • March 9, 2000 Barcelona, ​​Spain.
  • May 1, 2000 Beverly Hills, California, USA.
  • May 2000 Helsinki.
  • May 2000 Turku, Finland.
  • July 2000 Joensuu, Finland.
  • September 2000 Naperville, Illinois.
  • September 2000 Brussels.
  • September 2000 Prague: S26 at the World Bank / International Monetary Fund.
  • November 2000 Den Haag, Netherlands: Rising Tide (etc.) protests at the UN climate talks
  • December 2000 Nice: European Summit (indymedia reports: more joined-up-Europe than a UK thang?)
  • January 2001 Davos: World Economic Forum demonstrations.
  • 24 Feb – 12 Mar 2001 Chiapas – Mexico City: the Zapatour
  • March 2001 Adelaide , Australia.
  • April 2001 Quebec: Anti-capitalist Carnival, welcoming in the spring (and shaking down the Free Trade-touting “Americas Summit”): www.quebec2001.net
  • April 2001 Everywhere (mostly Nordic) Operation Dessert Storm.
  • May 2001 All over – MayDay. RTS in crib shock! statement; and see indymedia.
  • May 2001 Thessaloniki, Greece.
  • May 2001 Helsinki.
  • May 2001 Prague.
  • May 2001 Asheville, North Carolina.
  • June 2001 Brno , Czech Republic.
  • June 2001 Bratislava , Slovakia.
  • July 2001 Bonn , Germany at climate conference.
  • July 2001 Naperville, Illinois.
  • August 2001 Turku, Finland.
  • August 2001 Seattle.
  • September 2001 Leuven, Belgium.
  • September 2001 Cochabamba, Bolivia: PGA gathering.
  • 25 September 2001 Cochabamba, Bolivia Magical Mystery tour.
  • October 2001 Ghent, Belgium.
  • November 2001 widespread actions coinciding with the World Trade Organization Doha Declaration .
  • December 2001 Sydney
  • December 2001 Brussels
  • March 2002 Summit of the European Council Barcelona .
  • March 2002 Active Fair (street party) Sydney.
  • April 2002 Seattle Street Party.
  • April 2002 Gap, France
  • April 2002 Paris
  • May 2002 Lahti, Finland
  • May 2002 Liège, Belgium
  • May 2002 Lyon, France
  • May 2002 Dublin
  • July 2002 Helsinki
  • August 2002 Zurich
  • Sept 2002 Dublin
  • Sept 2003 Melbourne
  • Sept 2003 Brisbane , Canberra & Sydney
  • Sept 2003 Wellington , New Zealand
  • December 2006 – Protest against demolition of the 1957 Star Ferry Pier, Central, Hong Kong
  • May 2007 – Protest against demolition of the 1953 Queen’s Pier , Central, Hong Kong
  • Mar – Apr 2008 – Performance art competition against the privatization of Times Square (Hong Kong) , Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
  • Apr 2008 Amsterdam – protest for free space and a performance from a truck driving through the streets of Amsterdam
  • May 31, 2008 San Francisco – Street Party Against Prop 98 [14]
  • Sept 01, 2008 Limoilou, Quebec, Canada
  • Sept 19, 2008, Malmö, Sweden
  • Jun 16, 2009, Helsinki, Finland
  • Feb 06, 2010, Zurich
  • August 2011, Jyväskylä, Finland
  • August 7, 2011, Helsinki, Finland
  • April 28, 2012, Dublin, Ireland
  • June 10, 2012, Brussels, Belgium. 3,000 people participated in a disobedient Pic Nic to Reclaim The Streets.
  • September 6, 2014, Sydney, Australia
  • November 2014, India (Delhi, Mumbai) Raahgiri (Our Streets, Our Freedom) Sponsored by various media partners. [15]
  • December 13, 2014, Sydney, Australia – Against the Westconnex Motorway
  • February 1, 2015, Sydney, Australia – King Street Crawl Against the Westconnex Motorway
  • September 13, 2015, Sydney, Australia – 99 reasons to dance
  • December 12, 2015, Sydney, Australia – A deliverable city for all
  • March 19, 2016, Sydney, Australia – Against The Star Casino
  • April 23, 2016, Sydney, Australia – Keep Newtown Weird and Safe
  • June 18, 2016, Sydney, Australia – Broke But Not Broken
  • October 2, 2016, Sydney, Australia – Save Sydney Park
  • March 19, 2017, Sydney, Australia – Keep Newtown Weird and Safe
  • September 23, 2017, Sydney, Australia – Signed Sealed Delivered

See also

Transport related

  • Car-free movement
  • Stop the City
  • Critical Mass (cycling)
  • M11 link road protest
  • World Naked Bike Ride
  • World Carfree Network
  • Time’s Up!

General

  • Situationist International
  • Guerrilla gardening
  • SchNEWS
  • Peter Lamborn Wilson (Hakim Bey)
  • Temporary Autonomous Zone
  • Pirate utopia
  • Precarity
  • Carnival Against Capital
  • Open Spaces Society

Notes

  1. Jump up^ Klein
  2. Jump up^ Alternativ Stad website “Bilfria dan”
  3. Jump up^ Alternativ Stad website “Kulturkrockarna”
  4. Jump up^ Do or Die , Voices from the Ecological Resistance , issue 6, summer 1997, page (s) 1-10
  5. Jump up^ A direct action network for global and local social-ecological revolution (s) to transcend hierarchical and authoritarian society, (capitalism included), and still be home in … Welcome to the cyber-streets of RTSLondon. Reclaim The Streets! website
  6. Jump up^ Reclaim The Streets Agit-Prop (Distributed at the M41 Street Party on Saturday 13th July 1996) quoted onDo or Die Issue 6, Summer 1997. In the paper edition, this article appears on page (s) 1-10.
  7. Jump up^ RTS: Street Party Report
  8. Jump up^ RTS: Street Party ’96
  9. Jump up^ RTS: Street Party Report
  10. Jump up^ Cambridge Cycling campaign, Newsletter # 8, September 1996
  11. Jump up^ Lockout 1st Anniversary demonstration
  12. Jump up^ RTS commentary
  13. Jump up^ Report Reclaim The Streets, 11 August 1997 (Edinburgh)
  14. Jump up^ “SF Reclaim the Streets Opposes Proposition 98”. Indybay.org. May 31, 2008
  15. Jump up^ http://raahgiriday.com/about/

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