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Left-Green Movement

The Left-Green Movement ( Icelandic : Vinstrihreyfingin – grænt framboð , also known by its abbreviation Vinstri Græn, VG ) is a democratic socialist and green political party in Iceland . It is the second largest party in Althingi , with 11 members of 63 in total. The party chair is Katrin Jakobsdottir , MP . The vice chair is Björn Valur Gíslason . The secretary-general of the party is Björg Eva Erlendsdóttir . The Left-Green Movement is a member of the Nordic Green Left Alliance . [4]

History

The party was founded in 1999 by Althing who did not approve of the merger of left-wing political parties in Iceland which resulted in the formation of the Social Democratic Alliance .

In the 1999 parliamentary election , the Left-Green Movement took 9.1% of the vote and six seats in the Althing. The party had five members in the 63-seat Icelandic parliament after the 2003 parliamentary election , where it polled 8.8% of the vote. After the 2007 parliamentary election , the party had 9 seats in parliament, with 14.3% of the vote.

In 2009, the Left-Green Movement joined the first cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir as the Minor Partner to the Social Democratic Alliance after the previous coalition government of the Alliance and the center-right Independence Party collapsed. [5] In the subsequent elections, it rose from 9 seats to 14, becoming Iceland’s third-largest party (close behind the Independence Party) with 21.7% of the vote, which is the second largest outcome of a left-wing party in Iceland , after the post-communist People’s Alliance in 1978 when it got 22.9% of the vote. The party won one seat in addition, when a non-party parliamentarian joined the party. [6]Since then, three members of the parliamentary group have left the party. One joined the agrarian Progressive Party , and two others became non-partisans . After the elections of 2013, the party was in the opposition and had 7 seats in the parliament. In the 2016 parliamentary election , the Left-Green party polled 15.9% of the vote and 10 seats in the Althing becoming the second largest party after the Independence Party.

Ideology

The Left-Green Movement focuses on democratic socialist values, feminism , and environmentalism , as well as increased democracy and direct involvement of the people in the country. The party opposes Iceland’s involvement in NATO , and the US invasion and occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan . The party rejects membership of the European Union , and supports the Palestinian cause in the Middle East. It supports the mutual adaptation and integration of immigrants into the Icelandic society as necessary. [7]

Electoral results

Election votes  % seats +/- Position Government
1999 15-115 9.1

6/63

 6  4th Opposition
2003 16,129 8.8

5/63

 1  4th Opposition
2007 26.136 14.3

9/63

 4  3rd Opposition
2009 40.581 21.6

14/63

 5  3rd Coalition
2013 20.546 10.8

7/63

 7  4th Opposition
2016 30.166 15.9

10/63

 3  2nd Opposition
2017 33.155 16.9

11/63

 1  2nd

Chairpersons

Chairperson period
Steingrímur J. Sigfússon 1999-2013
Katrin Jakobsdottir 2013-

Members of Parliament

Since the elections in 2016, the Left-Green Movement

Member of Parliament Since title Constituency
Steingrímur J. Sigfússon 1983 Northeast Constituency
Katrin Jakobsdottir 2007 Flesh Reykjavik Constituency North
Svandís Svavarsdóttir 2009 Leader of the Parliamentary Group Reykjavik Constituency South
Lilja Rafney Magnúsdóttir 2009 Northwest Constituency
Bjarkey Gunnarsdóttir 2013 Northeast Constituency
Steinunn Þóra Árnadóttir 2014 Became a Member of Parliament when Árni Þór Sigurðsson left office mid-term. Reykjavik Constituency North
Ari Trausti Guðmundsson 2016 South Constituency
Andrés Ingi Jónsson 2016 Reykjavík Constituency North
Kolbeinn Óttarsson Proppé 2016 Reykjavik Constituency South
Rósa Björk Brynjólfsdóttir 2016 Southwest Constituency
Ólafur Þór Gunnarsson 2017 Southwest Constituency

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:b Nordsieck Wolfram. “Parties and Elections in Europe” . parties-and-elections.eu . Retrieved 15 October 2016 .
  2. Jump up^ “Iceland could be EU member by 2011” . EUobserver . Retrieved 26 November 2012 .
  3. ^ Jump up to:b The Reykjavík Grapevine Election Guide 2013 , The Reykjavík Grapevine , April 5, 2013
  4. Jump up^ “The Left-Green Movement of Iceland” . Nordic Green Left Alliance . Retrieved 19 September 2010 .
  5. Jump up^ Wikinews: Icelandic center-left coalition secures majorité in parliamentary elections
  6. Jump up^ “Independent Icelandic MP together Left Greens” . IceNews . Retrieved 19 September 2010 .
  7. Jump up^ “The Left-Green Movement” . Left-Green Movement homepage . Retrieved 19 September 2010 .

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