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Italian Left

Italian Left ( Italian : Sinistra Italiana , SI ) is a political left-wing party in Italy .

IF Was lancé in November 2015 as a parliamentary group in the Chamber of Deputies (full name: Italian Left – Left Ecology Freedom ), Mainly Including Left Ecology Freedom (SEL), dissenting from the Democratic Party (see Future to the Left ) and splinters from the Five Star Movement . [2] At its launch, SI included 32 deputies, [3] followed by 8 senators (sub-group in the Mixed Group of the Senate in February 2016) and 2 MEPs. So was born in February 2017, after that SEL thing to dissolve into it in December 2016.

The party is led by Nicola Fratoianni . Notable members include Nichi Vendola (former leader of SEL), Loredana De Petris  ( fr , it ) , Stefano Fassina , and Sergio Cofferati . In the aftermath of ict founding congress, 18 Deputies left the party, leaving it with 13 Deputies, 8 Senators and 2 MEPs: 17 Deputies, led by train group leader Arturo Scotto  ( fr ; it ) , joined the brand-new Democrats and Progressive party, while Laura Boldrini (President of the Chamber of Deputies) defected to the Mixed Group.

History

Background

In June 2015 Stefano Fassina , a deputy minister, left the Democratic Party (PD) over disagreements with Matteo Renzi , PD Leader and Prime Minister . [4] In doing this, he was followed by his long-time ally Monica Gregori  ( it ) . [5]

In July, a convention, Fassina launched Future to the Left , an incubator of a new left-leaning party, with other movements and breakaway groups, such as Possible , and Left Ecology Freedom (SEL).

In November one senator ( Corradino Mineo ) [6] and three more Deputies ( Alfredo D’Attorre  ( it ) , Carlo Galli  ( es ; it ) and Vincenzo Folino  ( it ) ) [7] [8] left the party in protest at Renzi. D’Attorre, who holds a doctorate in philosophy from the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies , [9]wrote a manifesto for a new “labor” party, which was signed by the other five MPs and, among other things, read: “The genetic mutation of the PD, born as central force of the Italian center-left, is now The Renzi experience and the new mutations will not be a parenthesis They have already moved in a way the perception of the PD and its function in the collective imagination. [10] Subsequently, a parliamentary group under the banner of Italian Left was formed in the Chamber of Deputies, whose core was formed by SEL. [11] [12]

Road to the new party

Italian Left rally for the campaign for 2016 constitutional referendum .

In February 2016 SI held its constituent assembly in Rome. [13] [14] [15] Consequently, IF Was Established as a sub-group dans le Mixed Group in the Senate: five Senators of SALT, two dissidents from the Five Star Movement ( Fabrizio Bocchino  ( it ) and Francesco Campanella  ( it ) and one form Democrat (Mineo) joined, [16] while two SEL senators (including Sardinian nationalist Luciano Uras  ( fr ; it ) ) [17] refused to join and left their party altogether.[18]

Several lists named after SI participated in the 2016 local elections . The party did well in Sesto Fiorentino , a medium-sized city in the metropolitan area of Florence , where it won 17.5% of the vote and its candidate for mayor was elected in the run-off with 65.5%, by beating his Democratic opponent . [19] [20]

In December 2016 SEL was dissolved, in order to merge it into SI in early 2017. [21]

Founding congress

Main article: Italian Left leadership election, 2017

In February 2017 SI was officially founded and Nicola Fratoianni was elected as its first secretary. [22] [23] [24]

Contextually, SI leader in the Chamber of Deputies Arturo Scotto  ( it ) , who was originally a candidate for the leadership, [25] Massimiliano Smeriglio  ( it ) , D’Attorre, Galli and Folino led a splinter group in the Democrats and Progressives , a party founded by left-wing splinters of the PD. [26] [27] [28]

In March 2017 IF welcomed the oven Deputies of Possible in ict group in the Chamber. [29] [30] [31] In April Campanella left the party, [32] leaving it with 7 senators.

On June 24th, 2017, a member of the European Parliament is observing. [33]

Composition

The party’s founding members were:

Party Main ideology Leader Ref
Left Ecology Freedom (SEL) Democratic socialism , Eco-socialism Nichi Vendola [34]
Future to the Left (FaS) Democratic socialism , Social democracy Stefano Fassina [35]
Venetian Left (SV) Communism Pietrangelo Pettenò [36]

Along these, some youth organizations (including ACT! Agire Costruire Trasformare [37] and TILT [38] ), local groups and individuals have joined SI.

The latter include Sergio Cofferati MEP , Alfredo D’Attorre, Corradino Mineo , Andrea Ranieri  ( it ) and others from the Democratic Party ; Fabrizio Bocchino from the Five Star Movement ; Luca Casarini , Luciana Castellina  ( of ; fr , it ,pl , ru ) , Maurizio Landini and Curzio Maltese  ( of ; en ; it ; the ; pl) MEP.

Ideology

SI’s ideology is a mix of democratic socialism , social democracy and anti-austerity issues.

In His manifesto, On Attorre wrote que la new party will need to “go beyond the separation entre Reformists and radicals” and later Explained That Will Be IF Keynesian and Opposed to neoliberalism . The coalition’s economics adviser is Joseph Stiglitz , a well-known American economist and winner of the Nobel prize in economics , who had already been involved with the Greek Syriza , the Spanish Podemos and the British Labor Party . [39]

Fassina has also proposed a “controlled disintegration of the Eurozone “. [40]

Regional Councils

Region Last election # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
# of
overall current seats
Abruzzo 2014 16,151 (# 11) 2.4 (as SEL )
1/31
1/31
Aosta Valley 2013 N / A N / A
0/35
0/35
Apulia 2015 108,920 (# 6) 6.5 (as we to left )
4/51
3/51
Basilicata 2013 12,204 (# 7) 5.2 (as SEL)
1/21
0/21
Calabria 2014 into The Left into The Left
1/30
1/30
Campania 2015 into Left at Work into Left at Work
0/51
0/51
Emilia-Romagna 2014 38,845 (# 6) 3.2 (as SEL)
2/50
2/50
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2013 17,764 (# 7) 4.5 (as SEL)
3/49
1/49
Lazio 2013 103,692 (# 7) 3.7 (as SEL)
3/51
0/51
Liguria 2015 into Network to the Left into Network to the Left
1/31
1/31
Lombardy 2013 97.62 (# 8) 1.8 (as SEL)
0/80
0/80
Market 2015 into Other Marche into Other Marche
0/31
0/31
Molise 2013 5,015 (# 14) 3.0 (as SEL)
1/21
1/21
Piedmont 2014 40.873 (# 9) 2.1 (as SEL)
2/50
2/50
Sardinia 2014 35,376 (# 5) 5.2 (as SEL)
4/60
0/60
Sicily 2012 58.753 (# 12) 3.1 (as SEL)
0/90
0/90
Trentino-Alto Adige

Trentino 

South Tyrol

2013 4,287 (# 11) 

with the Greens

1.8 (as SEL) 

with the Greens

0/70
0/35
0/35
0/70
0/35
0/35
Tuscany 2015 into Tuscany to the Left into Tuscany to the Left
2/41
2/41
Umbria 2015 9.010 (# 9) 2.6 (as SEL)
1/20
0/20
Veneto 2015 into New Veneto into New Veneto
0/51
0/51
Total
15/917

Leadership

  • Secretary: Nicola Fratoianni (2017-present)
  • President: Laura Lauri (2017-present)
  • Party leader in the Chamber of Deputies : Arturo Scotto  ( fr , it ) (2015-2017), Giulio Marcon  ( it ) (2017-present)
  • Party Leader in the Senate : Loredana De Petris  ( fr ; it ) (2016-present)

References

  1. Jump up^ Congress of the Italian Parliament – Aderenti e Delegati per Provincia
  2. Jump up^ Una nuova sinistra, not una “cosa rossa”http://ilmanifesto.info/una-nuova-sinistra-non-una-cosa-rossa
  3. Jump up^ http://www.camera.it/leg17/217?idlegislatura=17&idGruppo=2369&idGruppoMisto=&tipoVis=
  4. Jump up^ Fassina dice addio al Pd: “No this is the condizioni per continuare”http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2015/06/23/news/fassina_dice_addio_al_pd_non_ci_sono_the_condizioni_per_continuare_-117553037/
  5. Jump up^ Fassina, addio al Pd: “Nuovo soggetto politico con Civati ​​e Cofferati”http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2015/06/24/news/fassina_abbandona_il_pd_l_ho_lasciato_ieri_sera_in_un_circolo_di_periferia_-117591749/
  6. Jump up^ Corradino Mineo lascia it gruppo Pd: “Contro di me inaccessible processo sommario”http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2015/10/28/news/corradino_mineo_lascia_il_pd_conto_di_me_inaccettabile_processo_sommario_-126069901/
  7. Jump up^ From Attorney, Galli and Folino lasciano it Pd: “Not this one dialettica nel partito”http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2015/11/04/news/d_attorre_galli_folino_lasciano_il_pd-126619055/
  8. Jump up^ Pd: I deputati Galli, Folino and D’Attorre lasciano it partito. “Ora gruppo con Sel, my non chiamateci ‘Cosa rossa'”http://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2015/11/04/pd-i-deputati-galli-folino-e-dattorre-lasciano-il-partito- mutazione-genetica-in-casa-dem-ora-gruppo-con-salt / 2188507 /
  9. Jump up^ Alfredo D’Attorre, ritratto del mite “secchione” travolto dal turborenzismohttp://www.huffingtonpost.it/2015/11/03/dattorre-pd_n_8465780.html
  10. Jump up^ Alfredo D’Attorre esce dal Pd. The documentary with Fassina e gli altri: “Con Renzi il partito trasformato nel suo ufficio stampa”http://www.huffingtonpost.it/2015/11/04/dattorre-pd-renzi-addio_n_8470840.html
  11. Jump up^ Nasce ‘Sinistra italiana’, nuovo gruppo di 31 deputati. Fassina: “Siamo alternativi al liberismo da Happy Days di Renzi”http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/politica/2015/11/07/nasce-sinistra-italiana-nuovo-gruppo-di-31-deputati -the-diretta-_d02aa4ad-9f47-4615-8e57-4f6136149f73.html
  12. Jump up^ If chiamerà “Sinistra italiana”: domani Sel e gli ex Pd battezzano il nuovo gruppo ‘anti-Renzi’http://www.huffingtonpost.it/2015/11/06/sinistra-italiana-sel-ex-pd_n_8487950 .html
  13. Jump up^ Cosmopolitica, iniziata the costituente di Sinistra italianahttp://www.huffingtonpost.it/2016/02/19/cosmopolitica-costituente-sinistra-_n_9275866.html
  14. Jump up^ Per ora è “Sinistra Italiana”http://ilmanifesto.info/per-ora-e-sinistra-italiana/
  15. Jump up^ Cosmopolitica, the prima assembly of Sinistra italiana: “Dal 2 al 4 dicembre il congresso fondativo”http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2016/02/21/news/sinistra_italiana_unioni_civili-133907371/
  16. Jump up^ http://www.senato.it/Leg17/4244
  17. Jump up^ http://www.sardiniapost.it/politica/sel-divisa-tra-svolta-sovranista-e-sinistra-italiana-geografia-di-una-guerra/
  18. Jump up^ http://ilmanifesto.info/no-al-verticismo-alla-camera-i-dubbi-sul-nuovo-partito/
  19. Jump up^http://firenze.repubblica.it/cronaca/2016/06/19/news/elezioni_in_toscana_a_sesto_falchi_in_testa_per_il_pd_si_profila_una_storica_sconfitta-142386917/
  20. Jump up^http://www.repubblica.it/static/speciale/2016/elezioni/comunali/sesto_fiorentino.html
  21. Jump up^ http://www.rainews.it/dl/rainews/articoli/Vendola-traghetta-Sel-nella-Sinistra-italiana-e971add1-3774-4d16-bae0-d8cc840444a3.html
  22. Jump up^ http://www.lastampa.it/2017/02/19/italia/politica/sinistra-italiana-elegge-fratoianni-siamo-la-sinistra-che-fa-il-suo-mestiere-ndTRLQqKK0c0JWkFhzuFOP/pagina .html
  23. Jump up^ http://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2017/02/19/sinistra-italiana-nicola-fratoianni-eletto-segretario-scissione-se-minoranza-dem-vota-fiducia-gentiloni-no-al-dialogo / 3401069 /
  24. Jump up^http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/02/19/news/congresso_si_fassina_non_saremo_il_movimento_giovanile_di_d_alema_-158683384/
  25. Jump up^http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/01/23/news/sinistra_italiana_corsa_a_due_per_la_segreteria_scotto_sfida_fratoianni-156719904/
  26. Jump up^ http://www.corriere.it/politica/17_febbraio_25/ecco-nome-fuorusciti-pd-democratici-progressisti-4c70ae0c-fb45-11e6-8df2-f7ebe5fcea94.shtml
  27. Jump up^ http://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/notizie/2017-02-25/democratici-e-progressisti-nuovo-nome-ex-pd-speranza-lavoro-e-nostra-priorita-113550.shtml ? uuid = AEkjzSd
  28. Jump up^ http://www.ilgiornale.it/news/politica/nasce-movimento-democratici-e-progressisti-1368646.html
  29. Jump up^http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/03/10/news/sinistra_italiana_possibile_civati_capogruppo-160234054
  30. Jump up^ https://left.it/2017/03/09/possibile-e-sinistra-italiana-dopo-i-gruppi-la-lista-unitaria
  31. Jump up^ https://ilmanifesto.it/sinistra-italiana-e-possibile-il-nuovo-gruppo
  32. Jump up^ http://www.corrierequotidiano.it/1.63667/politica/lazio-roma/1097/francesco-campanella-lascia-sinistra-italiana
  33. Jump up^ “IL PARTITO DELLA SINISTRA EUROPEA accoglie come osservatore SINISTRA ITALIANA” . The Altra Europa con Tsipras . 2017-06-24 . Retrieved 2017-06-25 .
  34. Jump up^ Cosmopolitica, Fratoianni: congresso fondativo il 2/3/4 dicembre. E ‘la fine della stagione degli accordi e dei cartelli elettoralihttp://www.sinistraecologialiberta.it/notizie/cosmopolitica-fratoianni-congresso-fondativo-il-234-dicembre-e-la-fine-della-stagione-degli- accordi-e-dei-cartelli-elettorali /
  35. Jump up^ NASCE OGGI SINISTRA ITALIANA, NUOVO GRUPPO PARLAMENTARE UNITOhttps://www.futuroasinistra.it/2015/11/07/nasce-oggi-sinistra-italiana-nuovo-gruppo-parlamentare-unito/ [ permanent dead link ]
  36. Jump up^ Sinistra Veneta ha condiviso a link. https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=551714218324442&id=431222653706933
  37. Jump up^ http://www.act-agire.it/index.php/i-blog-act/284-non-la-solita-sinistra-questa-deve-essere-a-altra-storia
  38. Jump up^ Mapi Pizzolante at Cosmopoliticahttps://www.facebook.com/Tiltcamp/videos/vb.211298158909267/1021028537936221/?type=2&theater
  39. Jump up^ Sinistra: tra i consulenti reche Stiglitzhttp://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/politica/2015/10/30/sinistratra-i-consulenti-anche-stiglitz_21ae6e26-6522-4147-8b34-7236a242ffbf. html
  40. Jump up^ European alliance of national liberation fronts to avenge Greek defeathttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/11768134/European-alliance-of-national-liberation-fronts-emerges-to- avenge-Greek-defeat.html

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