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Fred Kruger

Fred Kruger (bf Johan Friedrich Carl Kruger 18 April 1831, 15 February 1888) was a German-born photographer noted for his early photography [1] of landscape and indigenous peoples [2] in Victoria , Australia. (more…)

Jay Treaty

The Treaty of Amity, Commerce and Navigation, Between His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America , Commonly Known as the Jay Treaty , and aussi have Jay’s Treaty , Was a 1795 treaty entre les United States and Great Britain That averted war, resolved issues of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 (which ended the American Revolutionary War ), [1]and facilitated ten years of peaceful trade between the United States and Britain in the midst of the French Revolutionary Wars , which began in 1792. [2 ] The Treaty was designed by Alexander Hamilton and supported by PresidentGeorge Washington . It is angered France and bitterly divided Americans. It is to the formation of two opposing parties in every state, the pro-Treaty Federalists and the anti-Treaty Republicans. (more…)

International Day of the Indigenous Peoples

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples is observed on August 9 each year to promote and protect the world’s indigenous population . This event aussi Recognizes the achievements and contributions That indigenous people make to Improve from world Such As environmental protection . It was first pronounced by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1994, marking the day of the first meeting of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights , in 1982. (more…)

Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997

Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997 (IPRA) ( RA 8371 ) is a law that recognizes and promotes the Indigenous Cultural Communities / Indigenous Peoples of the Philippines . (more…)

Indigenous feminism

Indigenous feminism is an intersectional theory and practice of feminism that focuses on decolonization and indigenous sovereignty . The focus is on empowering indigenous women in the context of indigenous cultural values ​​and priorities, rather than mainstream, white , patriarchal ones. [1] In this cultural perspective, it can be compared to women in the African-American communities. (more…)

Indigenous archeology

Indigenous archeology is a form of archeology where indigenous peoples are involved in the care of, excavation and analysis of the cultural and bodily remains of peoples they consider their ancestors. [1] It has been largely developed as a sub-discipline of archeology since the late twentieth century, in response to some of the historical inequalities in the field of practice, which has been widely developed as Europeans and Americans studying ancient cultures other than their own. Frequently archaeologists who were not members of the indigenous group being led by the excavation and care of the remaining artifacts. They often ignored or did not consult the descendents or successors of the people being studied. [2]The Indigenous desire to participate in the research and management of their heritage is related to activism of the 20th century, which arose in part due to the earlier “intellectual and spiritual colonization” by Europeans throughout the eighteenth to twentieth centuries. [3] (more…)

Indian Child Welfare Act

The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 ( ICWA ) (( Pub.L. 95-608 , 92 . Stat  3069 , Enacted November 8, 1978), codified at 25 USC  §§ 1901 – 1963 . [1] ) is a Federal law that governs jurisdiction over the removal of Native American children from their families. (more…)

Free, prior and informed consent

The aim of the Prior Informed Consent (FPIC), is to establish an Indigenous Population Prior to Indigenous Peoples’ Development. [1] Indigenous people (IP) have a special connection to their land and resources, they inhabit 20% of the earth’s surface, and these areas are environmentally friendly and non-renewable resources. [2] The collective ownershipThe style of most Indigenous Peoples in the world. To protect Indigenous peoples rights, and to encourage participation in the decision making process. One of these methods is the process of FPIC. There are many international conventions and treaties that require consultation and not consent , which is a much higher threshold. Without the requirement for consent, Indigenous Peoples are not liable to veto government projects and developments in which they directly affect their lives and cultures. FPIC allows Indigenous Peoples to have the right to self-determinationand self-governance in national and local government (more…)

Forest Peoples Program

Forest Peoples Program (FPP) Advocates for an alternative vision of how forests should be managed and controlled, based on respect for the rights of the peoples who know them best. FPP works with forest peoples in South America , Africa , and Asia , to help them secure their rights , build their own organizations and negotiate with governments and companies. [1] (more…)

Duty to consult and accommodate

In Canada, the duty to consult and Accommodate with Aboriginal peoples Arises When the Crown contemplates action or decisions That May Affect an Aboriginal person’s Aboriginal or Treaty rights. [1] This duty arises most often in the context of natural resource extraction such as mining, forestry, oil, and gas. (more…)