Tree sitting

Tree sitting is a form of environmentalist civil disobedience in which to protest sits in a tree, usually on a small platform built for the purpose, to protect it from being cut down (speculating that loggers will not endanger human lives by cutting an occupied tree) . Supporters usually provide the tree sitters with food and other supplies.

Tree sitting is often used as a stalling tactic, to prevent them from falling into the long-term victories.

Tree-sitting was once a children’s pastime. In the early 1930s, when endurance contests raged across the US, it became a child’s challenge for kids to climb into their backyard trees, and to get their hands on the market. [1]

Extractions

Tree sitters in trees Claimed by Pacific Lumber in Humboldt County -have-been subject to forced removal by hired extractors . Pacific Lumber hired teams of climbers to remove dozens of tree-sitters, particularly in the Freshwater East of Eureka, California. quote needed ]

Most of the extractions in Northern California are done under the leadership of Eric Schatz of Schatz Tree Service, a well known professional arborist . [2]

List of tree sits

The tree-sitters’ camp in Berkeley, California protesting the planning of coastal live oaks as 2008-07-08. The protesters were in the trees from 2006-12-02 to 2008-09-09, making it the longest running tree-sit in history. [3] [4]

Some of the more notable tree sittings include:

  • During the Elm Conflict in May-1971, protesters sat in the elmtrees.
  • Tree sitting in 1978 (the first tree sitting action) for the Pureora Forest Park in New Zealand. [5]
  • In December 1983, the Nomadic Action Group (NAG) climbed trees to block the Cape Tribulation to Bloomfield Road in North Queensland, Australia. When work resumed in August 1984, obstruction of road construction continued over a two-week period. Making use of hammocks, protesters were able to remain aloft, some for as long as a week at a time.
  • Mikal Jakubal was an early American tree sitter. On May 20, 1985 he ascended to Douglas Fir in an area of ​​the Middle Santiam region of Willamette National Forest that was in the process of being clearcut. [6] While short-lived, his tree sitting action inspired a group tree sitting event by Earth First! activists that lasted to June 23 to July 20, 1985, when two Linn County, Oregonsheriff’s deputies wrestled Marylander Ron Huber from his tree after a long-day stand-off.
  • In 1986 and 1987, the Tasmanian Wilderness Society (TWS) obstructed logging operations at Farmhouse Creek in the Tasmanian South West Wilderness with tree sitters on wooden platforms. Treeplatforms were later used in Australia during the South East Forests New South Wales campaign in Nullica State Forest (April-August 1989). Later in this campaign tree platforms in Coolangubra State Forest were erected to impede the construction of the Wog Way and Kanoonah logging roads; those at Wog Way were occupied in the beginning of September 1989 until October 1990.
  • 1993 Fall, central wilderness of Idaho, the Cove / Mallard Timber Sale of the largest timber in USFS history, where vastly outnumbered Earth First Activists attempted 2 Tree-Sits along the road of & at that time actively being logged site of the Noble Road Logging Road, first of 7 new roads to be built into untouched wild mountains. Loggers cut down around these first two Tree-Sits, laughing at & insulting the activists, at sight of the cluster of Tree-Sits Actions in 1994 in a Clear-Cut off of Noble Road. [7]
  • Native Forest Action used tree sitting icts During campaign to save the West Coast, New Zealand native forests. In April 1997, the logging company, Timberlands West Coast Limited, wasone of the world’s most important companies. [8] CAA cleared the helicopter pilot of a controversial judgment that appeared to be interfered with, according to leaked internal documents .
  • Julia Butterfly Hill , an activist in Humboldt County, California became known for her 738-day sit (from December 10, 1997 until December 18, 1999) in a 180-foot (55 m), 600-year-old Coast Redwood tree she named Luna . [6] Eventually, Hill and other activists raised $ 50,000 to spare her tree and a 200-foot (61 m) buffer around it.
  • In 2000 after two years living in Mariah, a thousand-year-old tree, Nate Madsen descended. Both Pacific Lumber (PL) and the California Department of Forestry (CDF) signed off on the timber harvest, which means protection for Mariah for the moment. Can still see another plan, but for now, Mariah seems safe. [9]
  • In 2002, two US environmental activists involved in tree-sitting protests died in separate accidents. [10] [11]
  • In 2004, activists from Greenpeace and the Australian Environmental Organization The Wilderness Society holds the record for the world’s highest tree-sit at 65m, in the Styx Valley , Tasmania . Peter (Peck) Firth spent 51 days up Giant Eucalyptus tree nicknamed Gandalf’s Staff . [12] [13]
  • In 2004, at least six trees were erected in Tuart trees at Ludlow Tuart Forest near Busselton in South Western, Western Australia. [14]
  • In 2006, two sits were built in Jarrah (Eucalyptus) trees at “Arcadia” Jarrah Forest near Collie in South Western, Western Australia. Two activists have been removed and arrested. [15]
  • In May 2006, protesters at Titnore Wood began a tree-sitting campaign against a major urban extension to the town of Worthing in West Sussex. Around 25 protesters created tree-houses and a network of tunnels. In March 2010, after nearly four years of tree-sitting, the local council voted unanimously to turn down the application for development. [16]
  • In 2006, 2007 and 2008, protesters in Berkeley, California sat in coast live oak trees to prevent prevention the building of a new sports facility by the University of California, Berkeley . On September 5, 2008, the University started logging the grove, after winning court agreement. Four days later, the final four tree sitters surrendered to authorities, the longest running urban tree-sit in history. [3] [4] [17]
  • In 2008, a tree was built in College Grove (Remnant Bushland), Bunbury, Western Australia and was removed after being occupied for three months. Another was promptly constructed in the near future; it included a functional trampoline. [18]
  • In 2009, there were ongoing tree-sits in Humboldt County, Ca. to prevent logging of 100+ year old redwoods by Green Diamond (formerly known as Simpson). One of the tree-villages was defending the territory of an active Spotted Owl mating pair. [19]
  • In 2009, on Zero halted blasting above Pettry Bottom in Raleigh County, West Virginia. Laura Steepleton and Nick Stocks Climbed 80 feet in two live trees in protest of Massey Energy ‘s mountaintop removal mine. The trees were located within 30 feet of the Edwight mine, and within the 300 feet of blasting. Kim Ellis and Zoe Beavers have been appointed to provide direct support for the position. Kim Ellis and Zoe Beavers were then asked to leave the site at 7:30 pm. The tree sit halved blasting for six days while facing harassment of miners including threats of rape, trees being felled in close proximity, and chainsaws. [20] [21] [22]
  • In 2009, Environmental Activists from the Still Wild Still Threatened Group in Tasmania , Australia were forced into the Upper Florentine Valley by police acting in conjunction with Tasmania Forestry in two separate busts in January and May. [23]
  • In 2010, on January 20, three protesters associated with Climate Ground Zero and Mountain Justice halted blasting was part of Massey Energy ‘s Bee Tree mountaintop removal mine is Coal River Mountain, West Virginia by ascending three trees, two tulip poplars and an oak tree . David Aaron Smith, 23 Amber Nitchman, 19 and Eric Blevins, 28 were in direct contact with Brushy Fork Coal Impoundment. Joshua Graupera, Isabelle Rozendaal, and Bernard Fiorillo were also arrested for providing ground support. The tree sit halted blasting for nine days. A federal judge granted a permanent injunction to Marfork Coal Co. Inc., a subsidiary of Massey Energy, ordering the defendants to keep off all company property. [24] [25] [26]
  • In 2011, on July 22, 2010, the protesters with the RAMPS Campaign halted blasting on a portion of the Alpha Natural Resources Bee Tree mountaintop removal mine on Coal River Mountain, West Virginia by ascending two trees, a tulip poplar and a northern red oak tree. Catherine-Ann MacDougal, 24, and Becks Kolins, 21, were in the spotlight on the ground within 300 feet of active blasting on the mine in direct protest of mountaintop removalmining. Becks Kolins stayed on their platform for 14 days while Catherine-Ann MacDougal stayed for a long time in the Mississippi River. Elias Schewel and Junior is ready to provide direct support on the ground. Criminal cases are still pending for the two sitters, while a civil suit seeks compensation and punitive damages is pending for all four activists. [27] [28]
  • In 2011, on December 14, Miranda Gibson climbed up a 60m old-growth Eucalyptus delegatensis tree in the heart of Tasmania’s southern virgin rainforest. [29] Gibson vowed to stay until the forest is protected. The area was imminently due to be logged, despite being part of the area under the Forests Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA). She was forced down from the tree 15 months later due to a bushfire. [30]
  • In 2014, from November 15 to November 20, Faery The Land Defender AKA Jakub Markiewicz (from ‘The Caretakers’) tree on Burnaby Mountain, unceded Coast Salish Territories, in an attempt to stop Kinder Morgan crews of flying drilling equipment that KM contractors created on August 28, 2014. 15 Red Alders among dozens of other young trees were cut down on that day. 20 RCMP officers, which consisted of E Division, military fatigued climbers, and specialized units brought to the world of arresting the tree sitter after a 6 hour standoff – he was armed with two cameras and a megaphone. Over 100 arrests were made on the mountain during the injunction. This was based on the Trans Mountain Expansion Project. [31] [32]

Tree villages

tree village is an extension of the tree sitting protest, involving several tree houses. The “Fern Gully” in Northern California lasted over 20 years, ending in 2008 with the growth of redwood trees. [33]

Tree houses

In the United Kingdom tree houses -have-been occupied Sometimes for a year or longer. One treehouse, BattleStar Galactica at the Manchester International Airport , held 12 people. [34] Such trees often have lock-on points for protesters to chains themselves to during evictions . Such tree houses have been used at Newbury bypass , Crystal Palace [35]and Epsom . [36]

See also

  • Green anarchism
  • Tree spiking
  • Direct action
  • David Chain , activist who was killed during a tree sitting in the Redwood Forest of Northern California.

References

  1. Jump up^ Chapot, Hank (26 June 2008). “Tree-Sitting, Since 1930” . The Berkeley Daily Planet .
  2. Jump up^ Walters, Heidi (20 April 2006). “Eric Schatz: Tree-trimmer? Monster? Gentleman? Fall guy?” . North Coast Journal . Retrieved 13 December2011 .
  3. ^ Jump up to:b Trott, Ashley (19 June 2008). “Tree-Sitters’ Supplies Removed From Oaks by University-Hired Arborists” . The Daily Californian . Berkeley, California : Berkeley Independent Students Publishing Company, Inc . Retrieved 13 December 2011 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:b Taylor, Matthew (27 November 2007). “Reader Report: Grandmothers Break Oak Grove Siege” . The Berkeley Daily Planet . Retrieved 13 December 2011 .
  5. Jump up^ Copyright NZ Native Forests Restoration Trust. “NZ Native Forests Trust Restoration :: Our history” . Nznfrt.org.nz . Retrieved 2009-11-09 .
  6. ^ Jump up to:a Fountain B , Henry (June 18, 2006). “Rising Above the Environmental Debate” .
  7. Jump up^ http://www.hcn.org/issues/30/857
  8. Jump up^ Rampton, Sheldon (2000-08-12). “When Helicopters Attack: A Near Accident Leads To Coverup” (PDF) . Center for Media and Democracy: Prwatch.org . Retrieved 2009-11-09 .
  9. Jump up^ http://www.treesfoundation.org/publications/article-49 ArchivedMay 4, 2010, at theWayback Machine.
  10. Jump up^ “A new fight for old growth” . Portlandtribune.com . Retrieved 2009-11-09.
  11. Jump up^ [1] ArchivedFebruary 17, 2004, at theWayback Machine.
  12. Jump up^ Still Wild Still Threatened – Styx Valley (2011)http://www.stillwildstillthreatened.org/styx/styx-valley
  13. Jump up^ Greenpeace – Styx Valley Global Rescue Station (2011)http://weblog.greenpeace.org/tasmania/
  14. Jump up^ “Perth Independent Media Center” . Perth.indymedia.org. 2009-09-10 . Retrieved 2009-11-09 .
  15. Jump up^ “Perth Independent Media Center” . Perth.indymedia.org . Retrieved 2009-11-09 .
  16. Jump up^ “Plans for homes next to Worthing ‘s Titnore Woods voted down” . BBC News. March 16, 2010 . Retrieved 17 March 2010 .
  17. Jump up^ Bulwa, Demian (4 December 2006). “Tree-sitters act to save oaks at stadium site” . San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 13 December 2011 .
  18. Jump up^ Jerome. “Perth Independent Media Center” . Perth.indymedia.org . Retrieved 2009-11-09 .
  19. Jump up^ “Earth First! Humboldt” . Efhumboldt.org . Retrieved 2009-11-09 .
  20. Jump up^ “West Virginia Tree Halt Mountaintop Sitters Removal Blasting” . Retrieved 30 January 2012 .
  21. Jump up^ “Treesit stopping blasts in West Virginia” . Demotix . Retrieved 30 January 2012 .
  22. Jump up^ Suggs, Charles. “Treesitters goes down, threatened with chainsaw, $ 50,000 lease” . Climate Ground Zero . Retrieved 30 January 2012 .
  23. Jump up^ “Camp Florentine: About Camp” . Still Wild Still Threatened . Retrieved 13 December 2011 .
  24. Jump up^ Guttata, Clem. “Tree Sit Halts Blasting Coal River Mountain (YES, AGAIN)” . West Virginia Blue . Retrieved 30 January 2012 .
  25. Jump up^ Lannom, Andrea. “Marfork Coal Co. Granted Permanent Injunction” . WBOY Channel 12 . Retrieved 30 January 2012 .
  26. Jump up^ “MARFORK COAL COMPANY, Plaintiff, v. CIVIL ACTION NO.5: 10-cv-00069 DAVID AARON SMITH, et al., Defendant” (PDF) . In The United States District Court For The Southern District Of West Virginia Beckley Division . Retrieved 30 January 2012 .
  27. Jump up^ Moore, Catherine. “Tree-sitters” take up residence to fight strip mining . The Register Herald . Retrieved 30 January 2012 .
  28. Jump up^ “Marfork Coal sues tree-sitters over state protest” . The Charleston Gazette . Associated Press . Retrieved 30 January 2012 .
  29. Jump up^ Miranda Gibson, obeservertree.org
  30. Jump up^ “Australian tree-sitter ends 15-month protest after bushfire” . BBC News. 2013-03-07 . Retrieved 2013-06-02 .
  31. Jump up^ “Canadian Protesters Stopped an Oil Company from Drilling on Burnaby Mountain-for Now” . Vice Canada . December 2, 2014 . Retrieved 2015-02-19 .
  32. Jump up^ “Arrest of Jakub Markiewicz, tree defender on Burnaby Mountain (Nov 20, 2014)” . Mavaddat Javid . Nov 24, 2014 . Retrieved 2015-02-19 .
  33. Jump up^ Nieves, Evelyn (23 September 2008). “Last tree-sitters come down from Calif redwoods” . USA Today . Retrieved 9 November 2014 .
  34. Jump up^ “Life on the Star Battle (Do or Die)” . Eco-action.org . Retrieved 2009-11-09 .
  35. Jump up^ Wiedel, Janine. “Eco Warriors” . Retrieved 22 December 2014 .
  36. Jump up^ Blamires, Diana (27 August 1998). “Judge allows eco-warrior, 11, to carry on living in protesters’ tree house” . The Independent . Retrieved 22 December 2014 .

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